DECEMBER 1995

FEATURE STORIES

IN THE NEWS


EDITORIAL:
GOOD RESOLUTIONS

Life in a federation representing the most popular sport in the world and almost 200 national associations can never really be expected to be all that restful. But the year about to end has surely been one of the most momentous in FIFA's long history.

The 1995 calendar was already busy enough even before the year began, with three world championships on the programme. But that was only the start of it, as one of these three events had to be re-located at short notice. Nevertheless, all three events were a great success, just as was the Prague Symposium and the World Cup Preliminary Draw in Paris.

At the same time, FIFA initiated a new generation of communications and information technology, the General Secretariat was reorganised and plans forged with the city of Zurich for an extension of the headquarters, a World Youth Fund created and a new cooperation with the organisation SOS Children's Villages introduced, the groundwork completed for a football research department at the University of Neuchâtel, progress made in sports medecine, and the world's largest and most prestigious collection of football memorabilia acquired for posterity.

Even these were only some of the projects taken on during the past year. And throughout much of the twelve months, we gave priority attention to discussion of the future of football and its global administration. This open debate reflected FIFA's concern for the welfare of our sport beyond the end of the century, a turning point which is approaching at ever quicker pace.

But important as this exchange of opinions may be (with spirits invariably far calmer than the media often like to imagine them to be), we must still always remain alert to the dangers which threaten our sport from outside the sporting circle: cheating, corruption, racism, violence, drugs... sad reflections of our modern society in general. To tackle these unwholesome influences, FIFA has used the turn of the calendar, a time traditionally associated with hopes for peace and good resolutions, to introduce a Code of Conduct for Football which we hope will become permanently engrained into everyone's way of thinking.

It is in the spirit of this Code of Conduct, reproduced on this page, that I express my most sincere good wishes for the year ahead to everyone, everywhere, involved in the great worldwide family of football.


Dr. João Havelange
President of FIFA

Joseph S. Blatter
FIFA General Secretary

FOOTBALL'S CODE OF CONDUCT
For the Good of the Game, always ....

  1. ... play to win.
  2. ... play fair.
  3. ... observe the Laws of the Game.
  4. ... respect opponents, teammates, referees, officials and spectators.
  5. ... accept defeat with dignity.
  6. ... promote the interests of football.
  7. ... reject corruption, drugs, racism, violence and other dangers to our sport.
  8. ... help others to resist corrupting pressures.
  9. ... denounce those who attempt to discredit our sport.
  10. ... honour those who defend football's good reputation.

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INVITATION TO THE FIFA CONGRESS

As required by the Statutes, on 15 December the FIFA general secretariat sent out the invitations for the 50th FIFA Ordinary Congress which will be held in Zurich on 3 and 4 July 1996. The opening ceremony is scheduled for the afternoon of Wednesday, 3 July 1996.

In compliance with Article 13.3. of the Statutes, any proposals or questions that member national associations wish to put to the Congress must be sent in writing to the FIFA general secretariat no later than four months before the date of the Congress, i.e. by 3 March 1996. The provisions of Article 15.2. of the Statutes stipulate that every proposal for an amendment to the Statutes from a national association must be seconded by two others. Pursuant to Article 13.2. of the Statutes, the agenda and enclosures must be sent to the national associations two months before the opening of the Congress, i.e. no later than 3 May 1996.

National associations that are in a state of suspension at the time of the Congress and those which have not complied with Article 43.3. of the Statutes (obligation to compete in FIFA competitions) will not be entitled to vote at the Congress.

Each national association is entitled to send up to three delegates to the Congress. With regard to the costs for travel and accommodation, the 1992 Congress amended the Statutes as follows: “The Federation shall bear the costs of travel and accommodation for one delegate from each association taking part in the Congress.

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BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA IN THE WORLD CUP PRELIMINARIES

513 days after the USA '94 final and 909 days before the kick-off to the last World Cup final competition this century, FIFA and the local organising committee have know formally launched the 1998 World Cup with the draw for the preliminary competition in Paris. But in the days leading up to the ceremony in the Carrousel du Louvre FIFA also had to attend to quite a few other important questions. The Executive Committee meeting alone lasted four hours and 45 minutes and the other meetings which were held in Paris also consumed a great deal of time. The following gives a brief idea of the numerous resolutions passed:
  1. The Executive Committee conceded to the request of Bosnia and Herzegovina to be allowed to enter for the preliminaries of the 1998 World Cup (cf. the article on the World Cup draw).

  2. Malaysia was reconfirmed as the host of the 1997 World Youth Championship for the FIFA/Coca-Cola Cup.

  3. Lack of time prevented the Executive Committee from dwelling on the proposals of the presidents and general secretaries of FIFA and the confederations with respect to the Vision I and II documents. The matter was consequently referred back to the working party of the general secretaries for further consideration.

  4. FIFA is paying a great deal of attention to the question of refereeing becoming a full-time profession in countries that run professional leagues and intends to push ahead with the implementation of this idea.

  5. The Executive Committee took note of a report by the Sports Medical Committee referring to the current high incidence of serious knee injuries and will be issuing recommendations in this connection. The medical aspects of playing football at high altitude will also be subject to review. The recommendation was made that no matches be played at altitudes exceeding 3,000 m. above sea-level. Given that the South American confederation is most directly affected, they have been requested to carry out a medical survey and to propose what steps would be appropriate.

  6. The 1995 Fair Play Prize is to go to the French player, Jacques Glassmann. It was mainly because he had the courage to speak out and risk alienation that the lid was taken off the Valenciennes/Marseille bribery affair.

  7. The traditional FIFA charity match between the reigning world champions and a world selection will be staged in the Giants Stadium in New York/New Jersey on 14 July 1996. The proceeds will be donated to the SOS Children's Villages charity organisation with which FIFA aims to forge a long-term partnership.

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90 minutes of entertainment

POTLUCK IN PARIS FOR WORLD CUP CONTENDERS

In front of a crowd of 2,000 guests in the "Carrousel du Louvre" and under the expectant gaze of millions of televiewers a dozen sports celebrities gambled on the fortunes of the 170 national associations who stand poised on the starting line for the marathon qualifying competition when the gun goes off on 1 March 1996.

The general consensus after the draw was that it will certainly not be a walkover even for teams that boast an outstanding record. Both smiles and frowns were to be seen depending on the luck of the draw. The Bosnia and Herzegovina delegation was all smiles anyway even before the draw started, having just been given the green light by the FIFA Executive Committee to join in the draw. As fate would have it, this association was the third from the former Yugoslavia to be drawn into group 1 where they join two of their neighbours, Croatia and Slovenia.

A murmer went through the hall when Italy was drawn into the same group as England. Group 2 and some of the other European groups promise a number of thrilling clashes; for instance between arch rivals, the Netherlands and Belgium, who face each other again for the 7th time in the World Cup preliminaries.

In Africa, after the withdrawal of Mali, Morocco became the fourth team to go through into the next round on a bye. As chance would have it, Guinea and Guinea-Bissau will virtually be playing a local derby. Asia will be turning in a new direction inasmuch as the participants in the first phase of the preliminaries will no longer be grouped geographically. This means that Saudi Arabia, for example, a squad that already has World Cup experience, will be competing against three opponents from East Asia (Malaysia, Bangladesh and Taiwan). What is more, the team which comes fourth in the Asian qualifiers will have to compete for a slot with the winner of Oceania.

South America was exempt from the draw because the nine competing squads will each be playing twice against all the others along league-system lines. CONCACAF is quite another matter: the geographical situation and the widely diverging potential of the CONCACAF participants means that some of them will have to struggle through no less than five rounds before they can clinch a coveted ticket to France.

To relieve the qualifiers of unnecessary problems in arranging their match fixtures, the confederations will be consulted about the recently drafted international match calendar before all the final details are put in place prior to its ratification. As was mentioned previously, 16 dates have been set aside for the World Cup qualifying games.

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WORLD CUP FRANCE 1998
PRELIMINARY COMPETITION

ASIAN FOOTBALL CONFEDERATION (AFC)
41 MEMBERS; 36 ENTRIES; 3 or 4 TEAMS TO QUALIFY

FIRST ROUND
The 36 participating teams have been divided into 10 groups (6 groups of 4 teams + 4 groups of 3 teams). Each group will decide on the system of play it wishes to apply.

FIRST ROUND
GROUP 1 GROUP 2 GROUP 3 GROUP 4 GROUP 5
Saudi Arabia
Malaysia
Bangladesh
Chinese Taipei
Iran
Syria
Maldives
Kyrgyzstan
UAE
Bahrain
Jordan

Japan
Oman
Nepal
Macao
Uzbekistan
Indonesia
Yemen
Cambodia
GROUP 6 GROUP 7 GROUP 8 GROUP 9 GROUP 10
Korea Rep.
Thailand
Hong Kong

Kuwait
Lebanon
Singapore

China PR
Turkmenistan
Vietnam
Tajikistan
Iraq
Kazakhstan
Pakistan

Qatar
India
Sri Lanka
Philippines

SECOND ROUND
The 10 group winners will be divided into two groups of 5 teams. Each group will play a tournament (league system in which each team plays one match against the others in the group) in one or two neutral countries.

THIRD ROUND
The winner and the runner-up in each group will qualify for the semifinals.

The two semifinal winners will play the final match and also qualify for the final competition of World Cup France '98.

The two losing teams will compete in a 3rd place play-off, the winner of which will qualify for World Cup France '98. The losing team will play against the winner of OFC for a place in the final competition of World Cup France '98 (home and away matches).

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CONFÉDÉRATION AFRICAINE DE FOOTBALL (CAF)
51 MEMBERS; 38 ENTRIES; 2 WITHDRAWLS; 5 TEAMS TO QUALIFY

FIRST ROUND
Of the 36 participating teams, 4 were exempted from the first round: Cameroon, Nigeria, Morocco and Egypt.

FIRST ROUND
Sudan vs. Zambia Namibia vs. Mozambique
Tanzania vs. Ghana Swaziland vs. Gabon
Uganda vs. Angola Mauritius vs. Zaire
Malawi vs. South Africa Madagascar vs. Zimbabwe
Guinea-Bissau vs. Guinea Rwanda vs. Tunisia
Congo vs. Côte d'Ivoire Kenya vs. Algeria
Burundi vs. Sierra Leone Mauritania vs. Burkina Faso
Togo vs. Senegal Gambia vs. Liberia

SECOND ROUND (home and away matches)
The second round will include the participation of 20 teams (the 16 winners of the first round + Cameroon, Nigeria, Egypt and Morocco).

These 20 teams will be divided into 5 groups of 4 teams each.

The draw will be held after the first round, once the teams qualifying for the second round are known.

The winner of each group will qualify for the final competition of World Cup France '98.

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CONFEDERATION OF NORTH, CENTRAL AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ASSOCIATION FOOTBALL (Concacaf)
30 MEMBERS; 30 ENTRIES; 3TEAMS TO QUALIFY

The 30 participating teams were divided as follows: 6 teams having previously participated in a World Cup final competition (Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico and USA), 19 teams from the Caribbean zone, to which was added the remaining team from the northern zone (Bermuda) and 4 teams from the Central American zone (Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua and Panama).

PRELIMINARY PHASE

CARIBBEAN ZONE
FIRST ROUND
A first round will be played so as to reduce the number of teams from 20 to 16. In order to achieve this, in Paris at the Preliminary Draw, the last 8 teams (Caribbean) were split into two pots (1 and 2) each containing four teams based on the FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking dated 21 November 1995.

FIRST ROUND
A. Aruba vs. Dominican Rep.
B. Bahamas vs. St. Kitts & Nevis
C. Guyana vs. Grenada
D. Dominica vs. Antigua

Each team will play a home and away match. The 4 winners will qualify for the second round.

SECOND ROUND
A second round will be played so as to reduce the 16 teams to 8.

SECOND ROUND
1. Bermuda vs. Trinidad & Tobago
2. Puerto Rico vs. St. Vincent & Grenadines
3. Cayman vs. Cuba
4. winner B vs. St. Lucia
5. winner C vs. Haiti
6. Surinam vs. Jamaica
7. winner D vs. Barbados
8. winner A vs. Neth. Antilles

Each team will play home and away matches. The teams in pot 4 will play their first match at home. The 8 winners will qualify for the third round.

THIRD ROUND
A third round will be played so as to reduce the number of teams from 8 to 4. The 8 winners of the second round will play home and away matches. The draw for these matches will be organised at a later date.

The 4 winners will qualify for the semifinal phase.

CENTRAL AMERICAN ZONE

FIRST ROUND
E. Nicaragua vs. Guatemala
F. Belize vs. Panama

The two winners will qualify for the semifinal phase.

SEMIFINAL PHASE
The semi-final phase includes 12 teams: 4 from the Caribbean zone, 2 from the Central American zone, the 2 World Cup USA '94 finalists (Mexico and USA) and 4 teams having already participated in a final World Cup competition (Canada, Honduras, Costa Rica and El Salvador - based on the FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking).

The 12 teams were divided into 3 groups of 4 teams as follows:

SECOND ROUND
GROUP 1 GROUP 2 GROUP 3
USA
Costa Rica
Caribbean D
Central America E
Canada
El Salvador
Central America F
Caribbean A
Mexico
Honduras
Caribbean B
Caribbean C

FINAL PHASE
The three winners of the semifinal phase and the three runners-up will be put into one group in the final phase (6 teams, 10 matches per team, home and away matches).

The three teams coming in 1st, 2nd and 3rd will qualify for the final competition of World Cup France '98.

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CONFEDERACIÓN SUDAMERICANA DE FÚTBOL (Conmebol)
10 MEMBERS; 10 ENTRIES; 4 TEAMS TO QUALIFY + BRAZIL

The 9 participating teams will play a qualifying tournament in which each team plays 16 matches, for a total of 72 matches.

The top four teams qualify plus Brazil as defending world champions.

The fixtures for this tournament are as follows:

24.04.96 Argentina - Bolivia
Venezuela - Uruguay
Colombia - Paraguay
Ecuador - Peru
02.06.96 Ecuador - Argentina
Uruguay - Paraguay
Venezuela - Chile
Peru - Colombia
07.07.96 Peru - Argentina
Chile - Ecuador
Colombia - Uruguay
Bolivia - Venezuela
01.09.96 Argentina - Paraguay
Colombia - Chile
Ecuador - Venezuela
Bolivia - Peru
09.10.96 Venezuela - Argentina
Uruguay - Bolivia
Ecuador - Colombia
Paraguay - Chile
10.11.96 Chile - Uruguay
Bolivia - Colombia
Paraguay - Ecuador
Peru - Venezuela
15.12.96 Argentina - Chile
Uruguay - Peru
Venezuela - Colombia
Bolivia - Paraguay
12.01.97 Uruguay - Argentina
Peru - Chile
Venezuela - Paraguay
Bolivia - Ecuador
12.02.97 Colombia - Argentina
Ecuador - Uruguay
Paraguay - Peru
Bolivia - Chile
02.04.97 Bolivia - Argentina
Uruguay - Venezuela
Paraguay - Colombia
Peru - Ecuador
30.04.97 Argentina - Ecuador
Paraguay - Uruguay
Chile - Venezuela
Colombia - Peru
08.06.97 Argentina - Peru
Ecuador - Chile
Uruguay - Colombia
Venezuela - Bolivia
06.07.97 Paraguay - Argentina
Chile - Colombia
Peru - Bolivia
Venezuela - Ecuador
20.07.97 Argentina - Venezuela
Bolivia - Uruguay
Colombia - Ecuador
Chile - Paraguay
20.08.97 Uruguay - Chile
Colombia - Bolivia
Ecuador - Paraguay
Venezuela - Peru
10.09.97 Chile - Argentina
Peru - Uruguay
Colombia - Venezuela
Paraguay - Bolivia
12.10.97 Argentina - Uruguay
Chile - Peru
Paraguay - Venezuela
Ecuador - Bolivia
16.11.97 Argentina - Colombia
Uruguay - Ecuador
Peru - Paraguay
Chile - Bolivia

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OCEANIA FOOTBALL CONFEDERATION (OFC)
10 MEMBERS; 10 ENTRIES; 1 or 0 TEAMS TO QUALIFY

Of the 10 teams participating, 4 are exempt from the first round: Australia, Fiji, New Zealand and Tahiti.

FIRST ROUND
League system in which each team plays a match against the other teams within the same group.

MELANESIAN GROUP POLYNESIAN GROUP
Papua New Guinea Cook Islands
Solomon Islands Tonga
Vanuatu Western Samoa

The winner of Melanesian group will qualify for the second round. In addition, the winner of the match between the winner of the Polynesian group and the runner-up of the Melanesian group will also qualify for the second round.

SECOND ROUND (two groups of three teams)
Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Tahiti, the winner of the Melanesian group, as well as the winner of the match between the winner of the Polynesian group and the runner-up of the Melanesian group will be divided into two groups of three teams each. Each group will play according to the league system in which each team plays two matches against each of the other teams in the same group.

SECOND ROUND
GROUP 1 GROUP 2
Australia
Tahiti
winner Polynesian group/
2nd Melanesian group
New Zealand
Fiji
winner Melanesia

The two group winners will qualify for the third round.

THIRD ROUND
The winner of group 1 and the winner of group 2 will face-off playing one home match and one away match.

The winner will qualify to play against the team coming 4th in the AFC preliminary competition (home and away matches). The winner will qualify for the final competition of France '98.

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UNION OF EUROPEAN FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION (UEFA)
49 + 1 MEMBERS; 50 ENTRIES; 14 TEAMS TO QUALIFY + FRANCE

GROUP 1 GROUP 2 GROUP 3
Denmark
Greece
Croatia
Slovenia
Bosnia-Herzegovina
Italy
England
Poland
Georgia
Moldova
Norway
Switzerland
Finland
Hungary
Azerbaijan
GROUP 4 GROUP 5 GROUP 6
Sweden
Scotland
Austria
Latvia
Belarus
Estonia
Russia
Bulgaria
Israel
Cyprus
Luxembourg

Spain
Czech Republic
Slovakia
Yugoslavia
Malta
Faroe Islands
GROUP 7 GROUP 8 GROUP 9
Netherlands
Belgium
Turkey
Wales
San Marino
Romania
Ireland Republic
Lithuania
Iceland
FYR Macedonia
Liechtenstein
Germany
Portugal
Northern Ireland
Ukraine
Albania
Armenia

The 9 group winners and the best runner-up will directly qualify. The 8 other runners-up will be drawn in 4 pairs and play qualifying home and away matches. The 4 winners will qualify for World Cup France '98.

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KICK-OFF FOR NEW FOOTBALL REGULATION

January 1, 1996 is the official kick off date for new conditions regarding the footballs used in competitions organised by FIFA and the Confederations.

The footballs must carry one of three markings - "FIFA APPROVED" as the highest quality level or the "FIFA INSPECTED" designation or the certified "International Matchball Standards" denomination which is a technically equal standard to FIFA INSPECTED - indicating that they have been tested and comply with the required norms. This new measure should make life easier for referees.

The testing and marking of footballs is the first major step towards a wider FIFA Denominations licensing programme, designed to ensure that use of the distinctive and universally-recognised FIFA emblem and the words "FIFA APPROVED" and "FIFA INSPECTED" are reserved for footballs - and ultimately other technical equipment - that fulfil specific quality standards and technical requirements. Referees of FIFA and Confederation matches will simply have to ensure that the ball carries one of the three marks and that the pressure is correct, rather than having to check weight, circumference and other technical criteria.

The FIFA Denominations programme is being developed and implemented by ISL Worldwide, FIFA’s exclusive marketing partner. One of the biggest tasks facing FIFA and ISL is the need to communicate the new system - and its benefits - to more than 700,000 referees around the world.

"We need to convey to the world of football - and especially to referees - what the FIFA designations mean" says Deputy General Secretary, Michel Zen-Ruffinen. "As football is the world's biggest structured sport, this is no minor task. We need the help of each and every national association to communicate effectively with the referees in their country".

The testing criteria are tough, but they have been set by the industry itself. Only the best products pass the test, which means that the new standards are worthwhile and meet FIFA's objective of ensuring worldwide consistency in the standard of footballs used for FIFA matches.

22 leading manufacturers of footballs have already signed agreements for testing and recognition of their products. These include adidas, Attack Sports, Capital Sports, Cosco, Football Thai Factory, Forward Sports, MC Sport, Mikasa, Mitre, Molten, Penalty (Cambuci), Prima Sports, Pro Touch (Intersport), Puma, Ram Sportswear, Reebok, Rucanor, Select, Tachikara, Tramondi, Umbro, Valle Sport.

Historically, there have been incidences of misuse of the FIFA emblem but, now, any unauthorised use of the FIFA Mark and endorsements will be subject to legal action in the interests of both FIFA and its licensees.

The specific requirements for the category INSPECTED (equal to International Matchball Standards) and for the superior category APPROVED, with higher criteria levels, are:

FIFA INSPECTED FIFA APPROVED Weight Weight Circumference Circumference Sphericity Sphericity Loss of Pressure Loss of Pressure Water Absorption Water Absorption Rebound Rebound Shape & Size Retention Test

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SUSPENSIONS

The FIFA Disciplinary Committee imposed the following sanctions at a meeting in Zurich on 4 December:

  1. The Togo FA has been banned with immediate effect from the Olympic Football Tournament Atlanta '96 for contravening the age limit rules in the preliminary competition. They have also been banned from the preliminary competition for Sydney 2000 as well as being fined CHF 10,000. The player at fault, Abdoul Hazim Mohamed, has been suspended worldwide for one year and fined CHF 2,500.

  2. The Bermudan player, Janeiro Tucker, has been suspended from all footballing activity and fined CHF 2,500. Tucker insulted the referee with obscene gestures after being sent off in the Olympic qualifying match between Costa Rica and Bermuda on 6 August 1995.

  3. The General Secretary of the Turkmenistan FA has been cautioned and fined CHF 5,000 for blatant ungentlemanly conduct at the Olympic qualifying match on 15 October 1995 against the United Arab Emirates.

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FIFA UPSET OVER BOSMAN DECISION

FIFA is disappointed with the verdict of the European Court of Justice in the Jean-Marc Bosman case. The world-governing body would like to recall that this decision applies to only 18 of our 193 FIFA member associations. This underpins the fact that the current system, based on the FIFA Statutes and Regulations and adopted by the entire FIFA family, has so far stood the test of time and is certainly not called into question by this verdict.

FIFA will now ascertain what modifications this verdict will entail for UEFA as regards the 18 (out of 50) European associations affected by it.

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RUNE HAUGE LOSES HIS LICENSE FOR GOOD

The Norwegian players' agent, Rune Hauge, has had his licence withdrawn indefinitely. The Executive Committee ratified the Players' Status Committee's decision taken on the grounds that Hauge - after being provisionally suspended on 8 August this year, nevertheless carried on being involved in transfer transactions and thus surreptitiously attempted to circumvent the measures FIFA had imposed. FIFA’s view was that such behaviour was unacceptable. Up to the time of going to press with this edition, Hauge is the only one of the hundred licensed agents to have had their licence withdrawn.

At its 9th December meeting, the Players' Status Committee ratified certain amendments to the current regulations in order to optimally adapt them to FIFA's requirements and those of the other parties concerned (associations, clubs, players and agents). The revised version has now gone to print and will be ready for distribution at the beginning of 1996. One of the major changes is the introduction of a domestic licence for agents operating purely at a national level exclusively with players who are citizens of the relevant country.

By means of circular 571 sent out on 4 December, FIFA notified the national associations of the sanctions that will be taken as of 1st January 1996 against clubs and players who disregard the terms of the aforementioned regulations. As of 1 January 1996, licensed agents will be able to consult FIFA regarding any problems they encounter with the clubs with which they are negotiating on behalf of players they represent. In such event, FIFA will, start proceedings against the clubs as is done at present in disputes between players and clubs. FIFA will also intervene directly in contractual negotiations between agents and players.

In all of the aforementioned cases, FIFA will only intervene if requested to do so by a national association. In other words, should clubs, agents or players wish FIFA to intervene as regards their contracts, they must do so via the national association of the country in which they operate. However, FIFA may obviously only intervene if the disputes submitted are of an international nature.

As stated in our circular, as of 1st January 1996, FIFA will systematically intervene against clubs and players who, after that date, continue to make use of the services of agents who have not been licensed by our organisation. FIFA will intervene whenever it becomes aware of an infringement to the regulations, be it on information received from national associations, clubs, players or licensed players' agents or when a dispute is submitted for consideration. As of 1st January 1996, players who employ the services of a non-licensed agent will be sanctioned pursuant to Art. 16 of the regulations governing the activities of players’ agents. This means that players risk:

  1. a fine of up to CHF 50,000. - and/or

  2. a disciplinary suspension of up to 12 months, - or have to accept negative consequences within the framework of any dispute which might have been submitted to FIFA.
Any clubs who utilise the services of a non-licensed agent will be subject to the sanctions prescribed in Art.18 of the relevant regulations. Consequently, they risk:

  1. suspension of their officials - and/or

  2. a fine of up to CHF 100,000. - and/or

  3. a temporary ban on conducting transfers, domestic and/or international - and/or

  4. suspension from all football activities, domestic and/or international

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MATCH REPLAYS AND THE USE OF VIDEO RECORDINGS AS EVIDENCE

Based on circular no. 546 dated 25 November 1994 which refers to the use of video recordings to assess disciplinary situations, the Executive Committee ratified an amendment to the regulations in May this year in adopting the new Article 11 of the Regulations governing the FIFA Disciplinary Committee’s function. A circular notifying the national associations accordingly was sent out on 20 December.

It was emphasised that video evidence is to be used solely as additional proof in disciplinary cases; for example to decide on how severe the sanction should be if the referee's position on the field rendered it absolutely impossible for him to judge the situation, or if there is doubt about a player’s identity. Furthermore, the International FA Board and FIFA reiterated their strong objection to match results being altered due to alleged errors made by the referee (based on the use of video evidence), as some national associations have done recently.

According to Law V, factual decisions taken by referees with respect to the game are irrevocable. The cancellation of a match and non-observation of a referee’s decision of fact constitute a breach of the Laws and the FIFA regulations and will be subject to punishment in accordance with the list of disciplinary measures.

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BRAZIL - TEAM OF THE YEAR

A year after snatching the trophy at the World Cup, the Brazilian world champions have predictably succeeded, in securing their stronghold at the summit of the FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking. Their outstanding record of brilliant performances faultered only on very rare occasions, and at the end of the day Mario Zagalo's squad suffered only one defeat at the hands of Uruguay in a penalty shoot-out for the Copa America. The Brazilian squad thundered their way to the top with triumphs against England in Wembley, Japan in Tokyo, Argentina in Buenos Aires, and in their return match on home ground against the newly-crowned South American champions. Brazil's invitation to compete in the CONCACAF Gold Cup as guests in January 1996 will give them the chance to hold on to their lead before the strong European teams can start to give chase next summer.

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JAMAICA - BEST MOVER OF THE YEAR FOR 1995

Two years ago it was Colombia, in 1994 it was Croatia and this time it's Jamaica, which means that the Best Mover of the Year has come from a different confederation every time. Jamaica's wins in a series of friendlies vaulted them from place 96 in the World Ranking at the end of last year into the vicinity of the world's fifty best teams. Dazzling deeds against the considerably better-classified Zambia - at home and away -, triumphs over their stronger-listed local rivals from Trinidad & Tobago, Honduras and Costa Rica, as well as a draw against the Norwegian selection are sure proof that Jamaican football has now come of age.

In the approaching qualifying competition for the 1998 World Cup, the odds are that Jamaica will thrust their way through into CONCACAF's semifinal phase, or perhaps even into the finals.

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KLINSMAN, MALDINI AND WEAH TAKE TOP HONOURS

In alphabetical order, Jürgen Klinsmann (Bayern Munich & Germany), Paolo Maldini (AC Milan & Italy) and George Weah (AC Milan & Liberia) are the three players to top the polls in the FIFA 1995 World Player of the Year contest based on the opinions of about 100 of the world's national team coaches. The real order of merit will be revealed on Monday January 8, 1996, during a gala evening in Milan, attended by FIFA President, Dr João Havelange. The evening's events in the Lombardy capital will also include the presentation of the FIFA Fair Play Award for 1995 to Jacques Glassmann (France), as well as the presentation to the Team of the Year (Brazil) and the Best Mover of the Year (Jamaica), based upon the FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking during 1995. The evening's event will be hosted by the Gazzetta dello Sport newspaper, which celebrates its centenary in 1996.

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GERMAN FOOTBALL IS IN MOURNING

After the recent loss of Jan Redelfs, the German Football Association is now grieving the loss of two more loyal and longstanding members. Horst Schmidt, head of the department for match organisation and refereeing died of cancer on 1 December. Mr Schmidt - not to be confused with his namesake, Horst R. Schmidt who is the General Secretary of the German FA - worked hard and conscientiously behind the scenes. He took part in no less than five World Cups as chief organiser for the German national team, two of which ended in glory for his country. With the untimely death of Horst Schmidt, the German football community has lost a true friend who never failed to put the sport he was dedicated to before all other interests.

The former longstanding General Secretary of the DFB, Horst Passlack, passed away on 5 December at the age of 76. Passlack had been in charge of the DFB administration from 1962 to 1983, winning great recognition for his services to both German and international football. Teaching aids

The Scottish Football Association has issued a new version of its popular teaching aid to the Laws of the Game. The teaching package contains presentation folios and six videos with excerpts from 1994 World Cup matches to illustrate the 17 Laws of the Game. Further information can be obtained from: The Scottish Football Association, 6 Park Gardens, Glasgow, Scotland. Phone: +44-141/332 6372. Fax +44-141/332 7559.

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